Female sexual dysfunction

Love making is considered as one of the most pleasurable act, it includes both action and feeling. The action generates a blissful feeling. But for many women this blissful act doesn’t seem so enjoyable. If after or during sexual intercourse the blissful feeling is replaced by pain or other sufferings, which is persistent and recurrent with sexual arousal, then you might be suffering from sexual dysfunction.

Understanding sexual dysfunction

Difficulty faced by a woman at any stage of sexual intercourse is called as female sexual dysfunction. This prevents you and your partner from having a successful intercourse and from enjoying the sexual act. Do not worry as sexual dysfunction in women is common; many other women just like you face some sort of sexual dysfunction at some point of their life. It may be during their early days or later in their life after having a successful period of sex life.


Sexual dysfunction may begin at any stage of your life, it may develop gradually or it may show itself suddenly, you may either have partial or complete inability to participate in sexual act. Sexual dysfunction may be caused either due to physical inability or due to psychological problems or both in many.

Physical factor responsible for sexual dysfunction are

  • Urinary or bowel disease
  • Previous pelvic surgery
  • Arthritis
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Taking medicines such as, antidepressant, blood pressure medicine, antihistamine for any allergy and chemotherapy drugs for cancer
  • Disease such as diabetes, blood pressure
  • Consuming excessive alcohol
  • Vaginal infection
  • Thinning of vaginal wall
  • Loss of vaginal elasticity
  • Lack of vaginal lubrication
  • After menopause, childbirth, during pregnancy and breast feeding

Psychological factors causing sexual dysfunction includes

  • Untreated anxiety and depression may lead to stress and reduced sexual desire
  • Fear that sex may hurt
  • Concern about negative outcomes such as unwanted pregnancy or transmission of sexual diseases
  • Relationship problems
  • Sexual abuse
  • Stressful day
  • Tired after day’s long work

A female is said to have sexual dysfunction if she possesses one or more of these symptoms listed below;

  • Lack the desire to have sex
  • Experience pain during or after intercourse
  • Lack of arousal
  • Lack of orgasm or pain during orgasm

If you are experiencing one or more of the above said symptoms, then it is better that you contact your doctor at the earliest, as many sexual dysfunction problems are curable. Don’t be reluctant, leave your hesitations behind talk to your doctor and explain him about the way you feel during or after sexual intercourse.

Diagnosis includes your physician asking for a detailed medical history, defining the dysfunction, identifying the cause, confounding medical conditions, and identifying psychological issues. During physical examination your physician might conduct a detailed pelvic examination to check for the presence of any infection or physical problems that is keeping you from enjoying sex. He will check for vaginal thinning, vaginal elasticity, genital tissue, scar or pain in the genitals. Further tests will be based on the physical examination and the type of sexual dysfunction you are experiencing. Although there is no specific laboratory test for diagnosing sexual dysfunction in women, a routine pap smear will be done.

Tests for checking the level of thyroid stimulating hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estradiol and prolactin will be done. He will look into the fact that which one of them, orgasm, arousal, pain or low desire is the cause. He would also like to know you psychological status.

Your treatment procedure depends on the diagnostic results. If diabetes, blood pressure or hormone levels are the problem than your treatment procedure will focus on treating the underlying cause of sexual dysfunction.

Treating low desire: Treating women with low desire is actually difficult. In many cases, low desire is because of getting bored with daily routine. In that case, your doctor might recommend a change in your daily routine, try changing your timing of having sex, or change your position during sex, try involving yourself and enjoy the moment. If diagnostic procedure shows no underlying cause or hormone abnormality than counseling may help. Estrogen therapy may help post menopausal women.

Treating arousal problem: Arousal problems can often be treated by using vaginal cream and lubrications to avoid vaginal dryness. If you have undergone menopause, then consult your physician about using an estrogen cream or pills. Taking a warm bath may increase arousal. You can try few arousal stimulant pills, but only with your doctor’s approval.

Treating orgasm: Anorgasmia is responsive to therapy. Lack of orgasm may be due to psychological problems, chronic disease, or result of medication. If the problem is with lack of orgasm, which is due to no enough foreplay before intercourse, using a vibrator as stimulator may be helpful. Stimulating an hour before intercourse might be needed in some.

Treating sex pain disorder: Pain during sex may be caused due to several factors. It may be superficial, vaginal or deep inside. If you suffer from pain during intercourse, you may try different position as being on top gives you more control over penetration. Use sex lubrication or take a warm bath before having sex. Identifying the underlying cause is very important in treating painful sex.

Talking to your partner is very important to have a successful relation going on. Tell him what feels good to you and what hurts. Sometime your partner want to try something that you are not comfortable with or you might want him to try something which he is not pleased with, learn to manage such situations and make him understand your problem. Try to respect each other’s feelings, know each other’s comforts and discomforts. Practicing this will help you have a healthy relationship with your partner. For further help you can consult your physician or counselor.

The complexity of sexual dysfunction in women makes it very difficult to diagnose the dysfunctional disorder. The success of the treatment depends on the cause of sexual dysfunction. Treating women with low sexual desire is very difficult where as treating other underlying problems like vaginismus or orgasm disorder is quite effective. Occasional sexual problems are common and need no treatment but if the problem persists than you may need immediate medical or psychological help.