In autoimmune hepatitis, the body’s natural immune system attacks the good cells of the liver and causes inflammation and liver damage. It is a chronic disease. If untreated, the autoimmune system can lead to cirrhosis and liver failure. In India more than 1 million people are suffering from autoimmune hepatitis, people who are affected are mainly in the age group 14 to 40.
The main cause of autoimmune hepatitis is an attack of the immune system on normal liver cells. But the reason for self-attack on the liver by the own body is unknown. Researches assume it as an interaction between genes.
|Type 1 autoimmune hepatitis||Type 2 autoimmune hepatitis|
|It is the most common type of the disease. About half of the people with autoimmune hepatitis are with other autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, or ulcerative colitis.||This type of hepatitis usually develops in adults but is most commonly developed in children and young people. Other types of autoimmune diseases can also accompany this type of disorders.|
Factors that may increase the risk of autoimmune hepatitis are:
The symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis, are related to that of the symptoms of hepatitis B and C.
The symptoms can range from mild to severe. The most common symptoms include:
The most common symptoms of hepatitis C include:
Your healthcare provider would diagnose the case of autoimmune hepatitis by understanding your symptoms, performing physical examination, blood tests, and liver biopsy.
You may have complications that include permanent scarring of liver tissue. Other complications may include:
The main goal of autoimmune hepatitis treatment is to suppress the overactive immune system. The disease can be controlled in most of the cases by following the standard treatment options. Medications are the first choice of treatment.
You can have a normal healthy diet which is balanced with all the nutrients. You must totally avoid alcohol as it further deteriorates the damaged liver. If you consume alcohol, you may develop a more complicated disease such as cirrhosis.