An uncontrolled growth and division of the cells lead to the formation of an abnormal cell mass called tumor or cancer. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is a cancer that originates in lymphatic system; it is the cancer of the lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cells. It is an uncommon type of cancer.
The most prominent symptom of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is the presence of swollen lymph nodes usually in the neck, groins, and the armpit. The other symptoms include:
Some patients may experience the below complications in spite of undergoing the treatment.
Physicians so far do not know the exact cause for NHL. It occurs due to the continuous growth and division of the abnormal lymphocytes (a type of white blood cells). This causes an enlargement of the lymph node. It can begin either in the B-cells or T-cells of the lymphatic system.
It is quite distressing for the patient to know that he/she has been diagnosed with cancer. Therefore, coping and support for the patient are of great importance for leading a happy life. The below measures can be of much help:
Initially, your doctor performs a physical examination to check the areas of swollen lymph nodes.
Upon confirmation of the diagnosis of NHL, further tests are performed to check if the cancer has spread to the other areas.
|Test type||Purpose of the test|
|Bone marrow biopsy||A definitive test to diagnose cancer, Involves the examination of a suspected tissue under microscope for cancer-related changes|
|Blood test||To check liver function, kidney function, uric acid, and protein levels|
|X-rays, MRI, PET and CT scan||To look for tumors and the stage of cancer|
The main treatment for Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma includes chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In the initial stages, a biopsy itself is enough to remove the cancer without the need for further treatment. The treatment usually depends on your overall health and age. The following are the treatment options for NHL:Wait and watch : if the cancer is in the slow-developing phase, a watchful waiting is recommended with the hope that the cancer might go away on its own.
Medical conditions that weaken the immune system, immune-suppressing medications and exposure to Epstein-Barr virus can increase the risk of developing NHL.