Intestinal Ischaemia is a term used to describe a variety of disorders caused by inadequate blood flow because of a blood vessel blockage. Venous blockages may occur but arterial blockages are more common. Three arteries that are predominantly affected are celiac artery, superior mesenteric artery and inferior mesenteric artery. It can affect both small and/or large intestine.
Depending upon the duration and location of the disease, it can be divided into:
It is the gold standard to diagnose the cause of the disease. It helps in determining whether the disease is of occlusive or non-occlusive nature.
A thin, flexible tube called catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin area. Contrast dye is injected through this tube to visualize the abnormalities in the blood vessels and X-ray images are taken.
This technique is also used to treat blockages in an artery by injecting medication through the tube.
This test is done to assess the blood flow in the arteries and veins. It can also reveal any blockage in the blood vessels.
A wand called transducer is moved over the area to be examined. Sound waves sent by it are measured by the computer, which changes them into images.
Symptoms of the disease can be divided on its occurrence: acute or chronicAcute Intestinal Ischemia
It depends upon the underlying cause and severity of the disease.Acute Intestinal Ischemia Medical care