Acute liver failure is an uncommon, life-threatening condition in which there would be a compromise in your liver function due to the damage to the liver cell called hepatocytes. The mortality rate of acute liver failure is between 56% and 80%.
It can develop rapidly within days or weeks. Acute liver failure is most commonly seen in young people and has a high mortality rate. Timely diagnosis and prompt treatment play an integral role in the acute liver failure.
Identifying the cause is the most important step in the assessment because certain causes require a more specific and immediate management. Such causes include drug toxicity, mainly due to over dosage of acetaminophen; it is the leading cause of acute liver failure worldwide. The main role of intensive care therapy is organ support
The common signs and symptoms of acute liver failure include:
Many cases of acute liver failure apparently don't have any cause. However the most common causes of acute liver failure include:
The risk factors for acute liver failure include:
Acute liver failure often causes complications, such as:
Diagnostic tests and procedures for acute liver failure include:
In many instances, your doctor would provide the treatment that focuses on symptomatic improvement while treating your liver damage simultaneously. The treatment options for acute liver failure include:Drug therapy to reverse poisoning: Acetaminophen and mushroom poisoning will damage the liver cells. To counteract the toxicity, your doctor would administer certain drugs to reduce your liver damage.
You must take care of your liver to avoid further deterioration of the liver, follow the tips that help reduce the risk:
Call your doctor if:
A person is eligible to transplant a liver if the following conditions are met
The average cost of liver transplant in India especially in private centers is 18 lakhs and in a few government centers would range between 5 to 7 lakhs. The liver transplant cost differs from hospital to hospital.