The Prostate is a walnut shaped tiny organ present in the pubic part of males. It plays an important function in the reproduction activity by basically discharging two functions; first, it secretes prostatic fluid, which helps preserve the sperm integrity and second, propels the seminal fluid into the urethra during ejaculation. The normal size of the prostate gland is roughly between 15 - 20 cc. But, as a man grows older, the prostate gland increases in size. In some men, cancer may also develop in the prostate due to genetic or various other factors. But, the good news is, prostate cancer, if detected early, is curable!
Prostate Cancer stands as one of the most common cancer in men. It starts with a small change in the shape and size of a cell in the gland, which is known as Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PIN). Nearly 50% of men above the age of 50 develop this condition and are at a greater risk of getting prostate cancer. It is crucial to differentiate between cancers that are restricted to the prostate and to those that spread elsewhere (Metastatic cancer).
If you are a man above 55 years of age and experiencing following symptoms, it is recommended to consult your Urologist and get yourself checked for a Prostate Cancer; so that cancer is detected early and the opportunity of cure is not missed. Even otherwise, regular prostate check in advanced age is invariably a good idea to keep BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) at bay.
In many cases, multiple factors can be responsible including age, genetics, obesity, sexually transmitted diseases (STD), inflammation and exposure to pesticides, for prostate cancer. Depending on each case, the course of treatment is generally decided that may include watchful waiting, Radical prostatectomy, Brachytherapy, Conformal radiotherapy etc.
The prostate cancer is absolutely preventable and curable by following a vegan diet; which essentially means cutting out meat, dairy and eggs and chowing down on a wide variety of whole grains, pulses, fruits and vegetables. This can reduce your likelihood of developing prostate cancer by a 35%. It is essential to consult a doctor if the symptoms persist even after the remedies.
What to expect from an Urologist, if you meet him with a suspicion of having Prostate Cancer?
The Urologist will generally probe regarding any current Urinary problems, and also medical or surgical problems you have had in the past. He may want to go through your medical records as well. Hence, it is important to carry your records with you for a consultation. The doctor then put you through a physical check-up and a blood test called “Serum PSA” for further diagnosis. Based on the examination and the results of the blood test, the urologist will suggest a “Biopsy”, if he suspects Cancer.